|Research >> Introduction|
Managing a huge tiger reserve is, nonetheless, a herculean task. Protection is the most important aspect of any protected area management. Besides, water and fire management along with habitat improvement are some of the key issues dealt with by the reserve management.
Deepening of existing water tanks, construction of check dams, artificial water troughs are some of the measures taken up by the management to conserve the precious water resource in the sanctuary. Additional fire lines are created along with deployment of special fire fighting squads to combat fire hazards. This is a major cause of concern to the authorities during the dry season.
Conservation of the tiger and its habitat demands regular surveillance with dedication.
Some of the protection measures to conserve the reserve are as follows
- Strengthening and Effective Management of Tiger Reserve
- Relocation of impact villages from ‘Critical Tiger Habitats’ (CTH) within ten years and settlement of rights. Rehabilitation package to the forest dwellers in the critical Tiger habitat will be as per the NTCA guidelines.
- Protection measures against anti-poaching activities and deployment of anti-poaching squad at strategic locations.
- Constitution of land and river patrolling parties.
- Check posts at different entry points for monitoring vehicular traffic.
- Intelligence networking, communication and effective coordination to curb wildlife crime.
- Formation of Eco-development Committees (EDC’s) involving villagers to protect forests and Ensuring People Participation in Wildlife Conservation through Eco- Research and Monitoring.
- Estimation of tiger densities using modern census techniques
- Setting up Environment Education Centres to raise awareness among public
- Conservation of habitats of wild and endangered Species.
- Strengthening of protection and monitoring related infrastructure within the Tiger Reserve
- Addressing man-animal conflict issues in a prompt way.
- Human Resource Development and capacity building
- Promotion of conservation awareness and education
- Enhancing financial allocation for ensuring sustainable fund flow.
- Integration of Management annual Action Plan with other sectoral programme
- Consolidating and strengthening of ‘Source Populations’ of the Tiger and managing ‘source-sink’ dynamics by restoring habitat connectivity to facilitate dispersing Tigers to repopulate the areas by way of co-existence agenda in buffer, mainstreaming wildlife concerns and fostering corridor conservation.
- Use of latest technologies like e-eye, drones (unmanned arial vehicle) and use of sniffer dogs for monitoring and protection of the Tiger Reserve.
- A review will be done after every 5 years for mid course correction of the Tiger Conservation Plan, if needed.